Biowaste – New regulations in the selective collection of municipal waste.

Bio-waste is the largest amount of municipal waste, the National Plan for Waste Management assumed that by 2020 all municipalities will be obliged to selectively collect green waste and other bio-waste.
Until now, green waste has been selectively picked up, but this is expected to change in 2020. Additionally, selective collection of bio-waste or kitchen waste will be required. Selectively collected bio-waste will have to be treated in the process of organic recycling. The organic recycling process according to its definition leads to the production of a product. In the composting process the product is compost and in the fermentation process the product is biogas and solid or liquid ant ferment. These products can be placed on the market after obtaining product certificates.

Municipalities will be obliged to collect kitchen and green kitchen waste, however, they do not explicitly say whether they will be taken together or separately. The bio container should receive “vegetable and fruit waste including peeling, etc., branches of trees and shrubs, mown grass, leaves, flowers, sawdust and bark of trees and food leftovers”.

Changes related to the selective collection of bio-waste will force municipalities to modernize the installation of mechanical biological processing and construction of new biowaste processing, eg biogas plants. These are large and costly challenges but much needed by the environment, municipalities can benefit from funding for such projects.